What is Foundation Repair? Know Everything About Foundation Repair 

The foundation is a structural base upon which the entire building rests. It supports the weight of the building and provides stability for it to remain secure. Yet, various factors can cause wear and tear on the foundation. You know those cracks in the walls or doors that won’t cooperate? These could be signs of foundation repair.

Foundation repair is a process to address and rectify issues that are compromising the strength and durability of a building’s base. It is a proactive measure to ensure the structural integrity of the entire building. The goal of foundation repair, including quality foundation house leveling, is to restore the structure to its optimal condition for years to come. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of foundation repair that will guide you toward maintaining the health and value of your buildings.

Causes of Foundation Damage

You can damage your foundation for a number of reasons. We have outlined a few of the most common causes of foundation damage below:

1. Soil Movement

The soil of the building significantly impacts the foundation. Both expansive soils and shrinking soils can cause damage to the foundation. Changes in soil moisture content can exert pressure on the foundation.

2. Water-related Issues

If the drainage system around the foundation is not adequate, it can result in water accumulation. It will cause soil instability and hamper the foundation. Leaks in plumbing systems can also lead to saturated soils, again affecting the durability of the foundation. Similarly, the presence of underground water streams can affect soil stability and impact the foundation.

3. Poor Construction Practices

The buildings built with improper design and construction footings may not provide enough support for the structure. It will cause heavy pressure on the foundation and increase the likelihood of its damage. Similarly, using low-quality construction materials can also lead to foundation problems.

4. Tree Roots

If there are large trees close to the house, it can draw moisture from the soil and lead to soil shrinkage. The soil contracts and expands due to tree roots that can exert pressure on foundation walls.

5. Earthquakes and Natural Disasters

Buildings in regions prone to earthquakes are subject to foundation damage. The shaking of the ground can create cracks in the foundation. Similarly, floods can hamper the foundation and compromise its stability as they erode the soil.

6. Improper Grading

Improper grading of the landscapes can direct water to the foundation. It will lead to soil erosion and create pressure on the foundation.

Signs Indicating the Need for Foundation Repair

The cost of fixing a sinking house can be astronomical. Thus, it pays off in the long run to address foundation problems proactively before they become even bigger. There are obvious signs of a bad foundation, as well as silent indicators that need further investigation.

If you look closely, you can often see foundation problems, from cracks in the walls to bouncy floors to sunken landscaping outside. So here we share a few signs that indicate the need for foundation repair:

  • Vertical, horizontal, or diagonal cracks in the interior or exterior walls
  • Visible cracks in the foundation, like widening or spreading over time
  • Floors that slope or feel uneven when walking on them
  • Doors or windows that are difficult to open or close
  • Noticeable spaces between doors, windows, and their frames
  • Walls that are tilting or bowing, especially in basements
  • Gaps form at the tops of interior walls, particularly where the walls meet the ceiling
  • Cracks in the ceiling
  • Deterioration of the concrete in and around the foundation
  • Excessive moisture around the foundation leads to soil expansion and contraction
  • Gaps between the exterior walls and the rest of the house
  • Signs of water damage or excessive moisture in the crawl space

Common Foundation Repair Methods

Choosing the correct method for foundation repair is crucial for the building. It is not a one-size-fits-all situation when deciding on the procedure. You have to consider various aspects, like the type of foundation, specific issues, soil condition, and others.

It is best to consult an expert when choosing the foundation repair method. Professional repairers can identify and assess all the crucial factors to recommend the best course of action. Following are some of the foundation repair methods:

1. Underpinning

This method strengthens or stabilizes the foundation by extending it to a deeper, more stable soil layer. Pierings, or helical piers, underpin the foundation.

2. Piering

This method uses steel piers or concrete pilings. These are driven deep into the soil beneath the foundation until they reach a stable stratum. It provides additional support and prevents further settling of the foundation.

3. Slabjacking or Mudjacking

This method uses concrete slab foundations. A mixture of grout, sand, and other additives is injected beneath the slab to raise it, correcting issues caused by soil settlement.

4. Crawl Space Jacks

In this method, adjustable supports or jacks get installed in crawl spaces beneath the house. These jacks lift and stabilize sagging floors caused by inadequate support or settling.

5. Wall Anchors or Tiebacks

This method is for bowed or leaning walls. Wall anchors are attached to the wall and embedded in the stable soil. These installed anchors provide lateral support and prevent further movement.

6. Carbon Fiber Strips

This method is for minor wall issues. The bowed or cracked walls get carbon fiber strips or sheets to reinforce and stabilize them.

7. Grading and Drainage Correction

This method involves improving the grading around the foundation. Addressing drainage issues can help manage water flow, prevent soil erosion, and minimize the risk of foundation damage.

8. Root Barriers

The method installs barriers to redirect tree roots away from the foundation. Creating such barriers helps prevent soil desiccation and the associated issues caused by large tree roots.

9. Waterproofing

In this waterproofing method, installing drainage systems and sealing foundation walls are practiced. It helps to manage water around the foundation, preventing moisture-related damage.

10. Concrete Resurfacing or Patching

This method is for minor cracks or surface damage in the foundation. For this, resurfacing or patching the concrete can restore the appearance and functionality of the foundation.

Importance of Foundation Repair

Foundation repair plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and stability of a building. Following are some reasons for the importance of timely repair.

1. Maintain Structural Integrity

Foundation repairs ensure that the structure remains sound and secure. Ignoring foundation issues could lead to more severe structural problems over time.

2. Prevent Damage

If small cracks or minor settlement problems are left unattended, it can lead to extensive and costly damage. Timely foundation repair can prevent the escalation of existing issues.

3. Enhance Safety

A foundation that is compromised can pose safety risks to occupants. So, addressing issues ensures a safe and stable environment.

4. Protecting Property Value

Problems in the foundation can significantly impact the resale value of a home. Foundation repair not only preserves the property’s value but also enhances it.

5. Avoiding Secondary Issues

Foundation problems can lead to secondary issues such as water damage, mold growth, and pest infestations. Repairing the foundation helps prevent these additional complications.

6. Enhancing Aesthetic Appeal

Foundation issues cause visible cracks and uneven surfaces. Foundation repair restores structural integrity and improves the aesthetic appeal of the building.

7. Long-Term Cost Savings

Foundation repair may involve an upfront investment, but addressing issues can save money in the long run. Proactive repairs prevent extensive and expensive fixes later on.


Foundation repair is not just about fixing surface-level cracks; it is like putting on armor to protect your building and investment!

It is a proactive measure to ensure the safety and health of your property. When there are signs indicating the need for foundation repair, it is a signal to take prompt action. Ignoring foundation repairs can cause extensive and costly damage, affecting structural soundness and resale value. It is a commitment to the well-being of your living spaces and responsible ownership.